NASA actively collaborates with several organizations in Japan and the Asia Pacific region. In Japan, NASA’s primary counterparts are the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), as well as other Government of Japan Ministries.
NASA and Japan established formal ties in 1969 with the establishment of Japan's first space agency, NASDA. Over the years, NASA and Japan have collaborated in all areas of aerospace research, including human spaceflight, science, exploration, and aeronautics research.
The Government of Japan is a member of the International Space Station Program and seven Japanese astronauts flew aboard the Space Shuttle. NASA launched all of the sections of Japan's Kibo Science Module to the International Space Station and JAXA launches the H-2 Transfer Vehicle (HTV) for unmanned logistics supply to the International Space Station.
Since the 1970's, NASA and Japanese organizations have cooperated on dozens of Earth science, astrophysics, heliophysics, and planetary science missions and research programs. For example, NASA and JAXA are collaborating on the Hinode heliophysics mission launched by JAXA in September 2006 and the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission for Earth science research launched by JAXA in February 2014.
NASA and JAXA are actively collaborating in exploration planning, lunar robotic research, and planetary missions. For example, NASA and JAXA are collaborating on such missions as JAXA's Hayabusa asteroid rendezvous and sample return mission and on data exchange between JAXA's SELENE and NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter missions to the Moon.
NASA and JAXA are cooperating on a number of projects in aeronautics research.
NASA also maintains relations and cooperative programs with South Korea, Taiwan, and other countries in the region.